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Black citizens faced legal and economic disparities, and violent retribution when they attempted to draw attention to their problems. When local business and governmental leaders resisted the boycott, SCLC agreed to assist.
Organizer joined Birmingham activist Shuttlesworth and began what they called Project C, a series of and marches intended to provoke mass arrests.
It is a ½ mile semi banked oval, with a ¼ mile figure eight in the middle.
- Dayton Art Institute- Founded in 1919, The Dayton Art Institute is one of the region's premier fine arts museums.
When the campaign ran low on adult volunteers, James Bevel, SCLC's Director Direct Action, thought of the idea of having students become the main demonstrators in the Birmingham campaign.
The track has received a 'facelift' in recent years, which has caused Toledo Speedway regain its famed notoriety of being one of the best short tracks in the country.
As photographed by , images like this one, printed in , inspired international support for the demonstrators.
The Birmingham campaign, or Birmingham movement, was a movement organized in early 1963 by the (SCLC) to bring attention to the integration efforts of in .
Led by , , and others, the campaign of culminated in widely publicized confrontations between young black students and white civic authorities, and eventually led the municipal government to change the city's discrimination laws.
In the early 1960s, Birmingham was one of the most racially divided cities in the United States, both as enforced by law and culturally. Protests in Birmingham began with a led by Shuttlesworth meant to pressure business leaders to open employment to people of all races, and end segregation in public facilities, restaurants, schools, and stores.